For automotive suppliers who are having a difficult time meeting the requirements of the new IATF 16949 quality standard, Minimum Automotive Quality Management System Requirements for Sub-Tier Suppliers (MAQMSR) may be an option you want to consider in conjunction with ISO 9001 certification. With initial audit results coming in from certification bodies, it is evident that companies are failing to comply and in some cases IATF certification can’t be achieved.
IAOB released the top IATF 16949 findings based on 3,172 audits conducted as of August 2017 – the top 5 non-conformances overall were written against:
- 5.1.5 Total productive maintenance
- 5.1.1 Control plan
- 1.2.3 Contingency plans
- 5.1 Control of production and service provision
- 2.3 Internal auditor competency
As an option for suppliers, the Minimum Automotive Quality Management System Requirements for Sub-Tier Suppliers (MAQMSR) was released in September 2017 as a possible intermediate step for a supplier’s Quality Management System (QMS) under the authorization of IATF 16949, Section 22.214.171.124.c and Sanctioned Interpretation, SI #8.
Conformance to MAQMSR helps a lower tiered supplier transition to IATF 16949 by allowing many of the key Automotive Requirements to be met while developing the remainder of the QMS. The ultimate goal of the supplier development process is to achieve 3rd party registration to IATF 16949. It is important to note that the customer determines the path and steps, so approval must first be obtained before proceeding. The suggested steps of supplier development referencing 126.96.36.199 are as follows:
- Certification to ISO 9001 through 3rd party audits
- Certification to ISO 9001 + compliance to MAQMSR through 2nd party audits* (suppliers who did not achieve upgrade transition may consider this)
- Certification to ISO 9001 + compliance to IATF 16949 through 2nd party audits*
- Then finally certification to IATF 16949 through third party audits
MAQMSR aligns the Automotive QMS Requirements with the corresponding IATF 16949:2016 section(s); however, it is not certifiable or a third party auditable standard, though the guideline may be referenced during a second party audit *(by customer or with a qualified 2nd party like simpleQuE).
SimpleQuE consultants have been assisting companies to understand their options and make the change to drop IATF 16949 and prepare for ISO 9001:2015 certification. Upon receiving customer approval to use 2nd party audits to be compliant with MAQMSR, our consultants can provide guidance for that process and perform the audits. For more information on MAQMSR, contact us.
The transition to IATF 16949 has been a rough one according to industry experts. More than 68,000 organizations certified to IATF 16949:2009 (and 6,382 companies in the US) will need to undergo a transition audit to IATF 16949:2016. As of April 2017, 181 upgrade audits had been completed, resulting in an average of 5.3 nonconformities and approximately one major nonconformity (.73) per audit.
The top five nonconformities overall are “total productive maintenance” (48 nonconformities), “control plan” (38), “contingency plans” (37), “control of production service provision” (26), and “internal auditor competency” (23). Based on automotive industry data, the top-five major nonconformance clauses are customer-specific requirements (7 nonconformities), internal auditor competency (7), quality management system (QMS) audit (7), TPM (6), and management review inputs (6).
For companies that have yet to transition to IATF 16949, you do not want to wait any longer. The deadline for suppliers to transition to the new standard is your next scheduled annual audit. All audits as of October 2017 have to be to the new IATF standard. And note that the IATF will not be granting waivers for organizations that can’t meet the transition plan timing.
According to Russ Hopkins, head of supplier technical assistance for Ford Motor Company, “Globally, over 1,200 audits need to take place each week, which averages out to about one per week per auditor,” he said. “This is doable with the proper planning. It’s doable as long as people do not wait until the last minute.”
This process can seem daunting to suppliers, but Hopkins notes there are several steps to a successful IATF 16949 transition:
- Confirm dates for the transition audit with your certification body. Upgrade has to occur at your next scheduled audit.
- Develop a work plan back from the date of the transition audit
- Review the requirements and provide feedback regarding any concerns (suppliers contact AIAG, certification bodies contact their oversight offices, and OEM through their IATF representative)
- Allow enough time after the transition audit to address any non-conformances. All findings must be closed in 60 days.
For those with an existing IATF 16949 certificate with one or more nonconformities of the audit to IATF 16949 which are not either 100% resolved or closed within the required timeframe, the transition audit will be considered “failed” and the IATF database will be updated accordingly. The certification decision shall be negative which means the IATF 16949:2009 certificate is withdrawn and the client has to start over with an initial certification audit. (International Automotive Task Force)
For more information on transitioning to IATF 16949 visit our website.
Every year we look forward to the Toyota Opportunity Exchange where the automotive giant brings together Tier I suppliers and diverse business owners for a day of networking, education, and professional development. We’re excited to be heading to the Motor City, an apropos destination for the 28th year of this event.
With nearly 2,000 attendees each year, including over 300 Toyota suppliers exhibiting at the event’s trade show, the Opportunity Exchange is one of the largest events of its kind in the United States and acts as a standard for supplier development within the automotive as well as outside industries. It is also a key event for simpleQuE for making new contacts that have led to business opportunities and company growth. We also gain important insights on how to consistently provide a solid, quality service as a minority owned business.
Prior to the conference, we like to prepare and get inspired for a busy day of networking by reading some of the Diverse Supplier Stories that are shared on the event website. These stories illustrate how the TOE has provided companies a platform to network and build meaningful connections that have generated millions of dollars in diverse supplier contracts.
Follow the event on social media using #ToyotaSD.
Cherie Reiche, program manager for International Automotive Oversight Bureau (IAOB) recently presented at Eagle Certification Group’s June Boot Camp to discuss progress of the IATF 16949 transition and the unique intent behind some of the new requirements. While no FAQs or SIs have yet been published for IATF 16949:2016, Cherie shared some of the common questions that IAOB and IATF members have received for interpretation and clarification from Certification Body automotive auditors.
Must both ISO 9001:2015 and IATF 16949:2016 be used when conducting audits?
Answer: Yes, as it states in the IATF 16949 Foreword – Automotive QMS Standard, IATF 16949 is not a stand-alone standard, it must be used in conjunction with ISO 9001:2015.
Will the IATF be granting waivers for those organizations who cannot meet the transition plan timing?
Answer: No, there are no plans to approve/grant waivers. If the organization does not complete their transition audit in a timely manner (including allowing time for Non Conformance management and CB certification decision), then the organization will lose their certification. IATF 16949 certificates are not valid past their expiry or September 14, 2018.
Is IATF 16949, Section 188.8.131.52 related to product safety during manufacturing or final customer product safety concerns?
Answer: 184.108.40.206 was created to address final customer safety concerns (braking systems, airbags, fuel systems, etc.). If the product (or process) is a safety item on the final product, then the organization has to identify the statutory and regulatory product safety requirements that must be met, along with items a) through m) in 220.127.116.11. This is one of IATF 16949’s required documented processes, so inputs/outputs, metrics, etc. are required.
Can an organization demonstrate competence only through degrees and certifications for their employees?
Answer: No, there are multiple ways for an organization to identify training needs and achieving the necessary competence for their personnel. It is up to the organization to define (and document) training needs, including awareness, and competency requirements for all personnel performing activities that impact conformity to product and process requirements.
What about competency for internal auditors and second party auditors? Do they all have to take an IATF-sanctioned lead auditor training course?
Answer: No. Organizations are responsible for ensuring key personnel, including their auditors, are properly trained and competent. The IATF supports the use of IATF-recognized training providers; however, the IATF does NOT mandate the use of a lead auditor training course for all auditors in the organization. Organizations are still allowed to have key personnel trained and certified as lead auditors, and then use those key personnel to train-the-trainer to disseminate the information throughout the organization.
If an organization is not design responsible for the software used in their product, does 18.104.22.168 (embedded software) apply?
Answer: Section 22.214.171.124 refers to internally developed embedded software, not “functional test” software to see if a widget works (or not) during production. For those organizations that are design responsible for the software used in their product, they must use a software development assessment methodology to assess their own software development process. Annex B contains suggested Software Process Assessments such as CMMI or SPICE.
What is the goal of 126.96.36.199? Do all organizations supplying automotive product have to be IATF 16949 certified?
Answer: The ultimate objective is to have IATF 16949 certification; however, the IATF recognizes that for various reasons, that is not feasible for all organizations. At a minimum, the expectation is for organizations to be certified to ISO 9001:2015, unless otherwise authorized by the organization’s customers. Items a) through e) are a cadence which is applicable to the entire automotive supply base.
How are 188.8.131.52 and 184.108.40.206.1 different?
Answer: 220.127.116.11 refers to the organization itself and their internally developed embedded software. 18.104.22.168.1 refers to the organization’s suppliers of automotive product related software. The organization needs to ensure that their suppliers of automotive product related software implement and maintain a process for software quality assurance for their products.
SimpleQuE will be sharing more information from IAOB and other Eagle Boot Camp sessions in future posts and on social media. Follow us on Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter for the latest quality and certification news.
Twenty years ago small businesses focused on one thing: how to make profits. Today, environmental impact is turning out to be just as important as meeting the bottom line. Here’s how to manage it for growth:
- Incorporate planning – the very first place to start with addressing environmental impact and risks is to include them in strategic planning at every level. Because ISO 14001 is the cornerstone of environmental standards for a business, planning is essential. If the matter isn’t addressed to begin with from the top down, one of two things occur: 1) no one internally treats the matter as a priority, and 2) responses that do occur end up being ad hoc and disparate, which often incurs more costs than expected.
- Anticipate that not everyone will be happy at first – getting environmentally focused is still a politically-charged approach. Education is probably the best response, even though it may require a bit more effort. At the end of the day, however, socially-conscious businesses sometimes have to stake out a claim. Choose wisely and then stay the course.
- Embrace leadership – businesses that really break out and become the major players using ISO 14001 as their environmental management system are not necessarily the biggest in their industry. Smart businesses are out ahead looking for these leadership opportunities to craft their own path and market niche before anyone else.
- Use size to an advantage – Being a small business comes with a lot of advantages in terms of flexibility and speed for adjusting to changes. Rather than a big bureaucracy involved in shutting down an assembly line, small business can test the waters far more rapidly and frequently with new ideas in environmental impact and that’s a huge competitive advantage when used effectively.
- Don’t throw out the baby with the bath water – Every new change should have a thorough cost-benefit analysis. There are plenty of existing quality management procedures that align with ISO 14001, including ISO 9001 and IATF 16949.
SimpleQuE offers customized consulting solutions for all sizes of Aerospace, Automotive, Laboratory, Manufacturing and Service organizations. When it comes to environmental impact and responsibility, ISO 14001 certification makes good business sense for businesses small and large, across all industries.
The new IATF 16949:2016 standard, was released October 1, and will be available for purchase October 3. The new Rules 5th Edition will be available for purchase November 1. Continue reading “Transition to IATF 16949 with simpleQuE”